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Nearsighted (Myopia)

Nearsightedness, technically known as myopia, is a condition which causes difficulty focusing on objects at a distance, while near vision remains normal. Myopia is one of the most common vision problems worldwide and it is on the rise.

Myopia Signs and Symptoms

People with myopia are usually able to see well up close, but have difficulty seeing objects at a distance. Due to the fact that they may be straining or squinting to see into the distance, they may develop headaches, eye fatigue or eye strain.

Myopia Causes

Myopia is a refractive error caused by an irregular shaped cornea that affects the way light is focused on the retina. For clear vision, light should come to a focus point directly onto the retina. In myopia, the cornea is longer than usual, resulting in a focus point that falls in front of the retina, causing distant objects to appear blurry, while close objects can be seen normally.

Myopia typically has a genetic component as it often appears in multiple members of a family and it usually begins to show signs during childhood, often getting progressively worse until stabilizing around age 20. There may also be environmental factors that contribute to myopia such as work that requires focusing on close objects for an extended period of time and spending too much time indoors.

Diagnosis of Myopia

Myopia is diagnosed by an eye examination with an qualified optometrist. During the exam the optometrist will determine the visual acuity of the eye to prescribe eye glasses or contact lenses. A prescription for myopia will be a negative number such as -1.75.

Treatment for Myopia

Myopia is typically treated with corrective eyeglasses or contact lenses and in certain cases refractive surgery such as LASIK or PRK is an option. Surgery is the most risky treatment as it requires permanently changing the shape of the cornea. Other treatments involve implanting a lens that reshapes the cornea called a phakic intra-ocular lens or vision therapy. A treatment called Ortho-k, in which the patient wears corneal reshaping contact lenses at night to see without correction during the day can be another option.

While some people require vision correction throughout the day, others may only need it only during certain tasks such as driving, watching television or viewing a whiteboard in school. The type of treatment depends on the overall health of your eye and your eye and vision needs.

We are opening on a limited basis as of May 4th, 2020!

Although we are open, our doors will remain locked to help manage personal interaction. Call our office at 309-263-8611 to schedule:

Once you arrive for an appointment, call us from our parking lot and we will ensure proper disinfection protocols have been completed before bringing you in. We have implemented strict screening measures and safety precautions in order to protect the health and safety of our patients, staff and community.

Per the CDC's recommendation, we ask that you wear a mask to your appointment. On entering the facilities, a member of our team will take your temperature and ask you a series of COVID-19 related questions. We ask that guests or family members stay in their vehicles to further our efforts to prevent the spread of COVID-19 and to protect our staff and patients.

During this crisis, please consider the CDC’s recommended precautions before, during and after your visit:

In addition to implementing safety measures for our patients, we will also be implementing screening protocols for our staff. We are closely monitoring the COVID-19 crisis and are following the guidance and expertise of the Centers for Disease Control and Infection (CDC), the state and local public health officials, the Illinois Optometric Association (IOA) and the American Optometric Association (AOA).

If you would like to schedule an appointment, need to reschedule your appointment, or have further questions please contact us at 309-263-8611.

 

Thank you for your patience with us during this time,

Drs. Velting, Sommer, and the entire team at Vintage Optical

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